Determination the Effectiveness of a selected formulations of Iranian Traditional Medicine “Ushaq poultice” (ammoniacum gum ointment) on Wound Healing: an experimental study


  • Zeinab Zaheri Abdevand Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
  • Amir Siahpoosh Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
  • Alireza Malayeri Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
  • Anayatollah Salami Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
  • Layasadat Khorsandi Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran



wound healing, Dorema ammoniacum gum, herbal medicine, experimental study


Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of ammonium gum ointment on wound healing in the animal model.

Method: 32 male Wistar rats were selected; then in non-infectious condition, two full-thickness wounds with 8 mm in diameter were created bilaterally on shaved skin in 1.5 cm from the dorsal midline and randomly divided into four groups, untreated group, phenytoin cream treated group, base ointment (sesame oil and wax) treated group and Ammonicuma Gum Ointment (AGO) treated group. The animals received these medicines once daily. On days 5, 7, 10, 12 and 14 wound area was measured. On days 7 and 14, blood samples were taken, and serum level of growth factors (EGF, PDGF, VEGF, and TGF-B) were measured. Skin samples used for hematoxylin-eosin and trichrome staining. Skin tensile strength and hydroxyproline content of skin tissues also measured.

Results: The percentage of wound healing after 14 days of treatment was significantly increased in the group receiving AGO (PË‚0.05). Hydroxyproline content of repaired tissue and tensile strength increased considerably in this group (PË‚0.001). Growth factors were significantly increased in animals treated with AGO compared to control groups (EGF PË‚0.05; PDGF PË‚0.001; VEGF PË‚0.001; TGF-B PË‚0.05). Histological data showed that the topical application of AGO compared to other groups resulted in positive effects on enhance neovascularization and granulation, increased wound healing rate, and decreased wound size.

Conclusion: The topical application of an ointment containing ammoniacum gum can help speed up the process of wound healing.


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How to Cite

Zaheri Abdevand, Z., Siahpoosh, A., Malayeri, A., Salami, A., & Khorsandi, L. (2020). Determination the Effectiveness of a selected formulations of Iranian Traditional Medicine “Ushaq poultice” (ammoniacum gum ointment) on Wound Healing: an experimental study. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, 6(2), 39–49.