Correlation between Sphenoclivus angle and Gnathic angle with age and gender in Iranian population using CT-Scan

  • Gholamreza Hassanzadeh Department of Neuroscience and Addiction Studies, School of Advanced Technologies in medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Ghazaleh Moshkdanian Institute for Basic Sciences, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.
  • Morteza Gholaminejhad Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mahnaz Poorhassan Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Babak Ebrahimi Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Reza Habibi School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Parichehr Pasbakhsh Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Tayebeh Rastegar Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mahdad Abdi Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Yasmin Yazdooei Student Research Committee, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
  • Masoumeh Gity Department of Radiology, Advanced Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Research Center (ADIR), Breast Disease Research Center (BDRC), Imam Khomeini Complex Hospital, Tehran, Iran. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3056-4080

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess whether is a reliable correlation between the cranial and gnathic angulations in the Iranian population.
Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 140 patients of Tehran University of Medical Sciences hospitals (70 males and 70 females with an age range of 18-60 years) were selected. Sphenoclivus (cranial base) and gnathic angles were calculated for each case. Then, the data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.
Results: Statistical analysis showed a relationship between gnathic angle and female (P < 0.05), but no positive relationship was seen between sphenoclivus angle and gender. There was a significant relationship between sphenoclivus angle and age among men. No significant relationship was found between the gnathic and sphenoclivus angles.
Conclusion: Sphenoclivus angle has the closest link with age in males. The gnathic angle has also a positive relationship with females. Our findings suggest an independent growth pattern between the sphenoclivus angle and the gnathic angle.
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Published
2021-08-26
How to Cite
HASSANZADEH, Gholamreza et al. Correlation between Sphenoclivus angle and Gnathic angle with age and gender in Iranian population using CT-Scan. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 4, aug. 2021. ISSN 2413-0516. Available at: <http://www.jocms.org/index.php/jcms/article/view/1050>. Date accessed: 16 sep. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.22317/jcms.v7i4.1050.

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