Early Clinical Simulation Exposure May Enhances Academic Performance of Medical Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study in Saudi Arabia

Authors

  • Hanadi Alhozali Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22317/jcms.v10i2.1504

Keywords:

Simulation based medical education, early clinical exposure, Academic performance, Medical curriculum, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Purpose: The traditional medical curriculum in Saudi Arabia needs to undergo major reforms to make it more student-centric, relevant, interesting and contemporary. This unmet need can be fulfilled by the use of “Early Clinical Exposure “(ECE) techniques, employed via simulation based medical education (SBME) courses, integrated into the medical curriculum. This study delivered ECE via SBME, to third year pre-clinical students, and assessed its impact on their fourth-year academic scores.

Materials and Methods: SBME modules designed by expert faculty members were delivered through a peer-assisted learning model, spread over a three-week period, at a well-equipped medical simulation laboratory at our teaching hospital, in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Students who attended this SBME intervention were tracked for their performance in their fourth year, versus the control group.

Result: Of the 401 third year students included in the study, only 30.2% consented to attend the SBME course, while 69.8% comprised the control group. The overall study population obtained a mean score of 40.27 in the fourth-year final examination. The male and female students who attended the SBME module obtained a statistically significantly higher mean score versus the non-attendees (p=0.0018). Among the SBME course attendees, no statistically significant difference was noted between the scores of males and females (p=0.187).

Conclusion: SBME exposure during the pre-clinical years has a significantly positive impact on the performance of students, in the core clinical years at medical college. It holds promise in reducing redundancies in medical education, making medical studies more interesting, relevant, contemporary and practical. It facilitates seamless transition of students from pre-clinical to clinical years in medical college. Implementation of early SBME courses at the pre-clinical level, mandated and supported by government initiatives, would be a huge step forward in the medical education in Saudi Arabia.

References

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Published

2024-04-30

How to Cite

Alhozali, H. (2024). Early Clinical Simulation Exposure May Enhances Academic Performance of Medical Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.22317/jcms.v10i2.1504