Relation between the Pandemic COVID-19 and the Outbreak of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Iraq, 2023

Pandemic COVID-19 & Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever


  • Shameeran Ismael Medical Laboratory Sciences Department, College of Health Sciences, University of Duhok, Iraq
  • Sherzad Mustafa Pathology and Microbiology Department, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Duhok, Iraq
  • Barhav Abdullah Medical Laboratory Sciences Department, College of Health Sciences, University of Duhok, Iraq.



COVID-19 pandemic, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, Outbreak, Iraq, Epidemiology, Healthcare impact, Zoonotic diseases


Objective: This review examines the link between the COVID-19 pandemic and the outbreak of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Iraq.

Methods: We reviewed literature and data to explore potential associations between the two diseases.

Results: No direct causative link between COVID-19 and increased CCHF cases in Iraq was found. However, changes in healthcare,
agriculture, and human-animal interactions during the pandemic may have indirectly affected CCHF transmission.

Conclusion: This review highlights the need for further research to confirm any connections between the COVID-19 pandemic and CCHF
outbreaks in Iraq. Understanding these links is crucial for effective public health responses to emerging infectious diseases.



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How to Cite

Ismael, S., Mustafa, S. ., & Abdullah, B. (2024). Relation between the Pandemic COVID-19 and the Outbreak of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Iraq, 2023: Pandemic COVID-19 & Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, 10(2).