Surgical early complications of the laparoscopic insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheter: A cross-sectional descriptive two-center study in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran
Keywords:Peritoneal dialysis, early complications, Infectious complications, Mechanical complications.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the surgical complications of this technique of peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion in Imam Khomeini and Golestan hospitals in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran, in the period between 2007 and 2019.
Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional analytic-descriptive study, we examined end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients who underwent laparoscopic peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion between 2007 and 2019. Patients' records and follow-up information recorded in the hospital dialysis unit were reviewed and early infectious and mechanical complications of peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion were analyzed.
Results: In this study, 290 patients (144 males and 138 females) with ESRD who have a mean age of 46Â±19.7 years (1-90 years) were recruited, of whom 8 patients were excluded due to incomplete information in their records, and 68 patients (24.1%) had an early complication of surgery. Surgical complications included: Catheter exit-site infections in 20 patients (7.1%), peritonitis in 18 patients (6.4%), catheter exit-site leakage in 17 patients (6%), catheter occlusion without migration in 16 patients (5.7%), catheter migration in 7 patients (2.5%), and hemoperitoneum in 7 patients (2.5%).
Conclusions: Due to the low complications of laparoscopic surgery in the insertion of a peritoneal dialysis catheter, this technique is recommended as a safe surgical procedure with low complications.
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