Clinico-pathological spectrum of Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors in Iraq: A Single-Institutional Study

  • Usama Al-Jumaily Department of Pediatrics Oncology, College of medicine, Kerbalaa University, Kerbalaa, Iraq
  • Rasha Al-Safi Department of Pathology, College of medicine, Kerbalaa University, Kerbalaa, Iraq
  • Sabah Al-Mosawi Department of Pediatrics, Children Teaching Hospital, Kerbalaa, Iraq
  • Homam Al-Obaidy College of medicine, Kerbalaa University, Kerbalaa, Iraq
  • Mohammed Fawzi Department of Pathology, College of medicine, Kerbalaa University, Kerbalaa, Iraq

Abstract

Objectives: The present retrospective study analyzed the spectrum of pediatric CNS tumors in a single tertiary hospital in Iraq.
Methods: Data regarding frequencies of various primary CNS tumors (diagnosed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification), in pediatric patients (<18 yrs. of age), were collected from a single tertiary care hospital in Iraq for a period 2014-2017.
Results: fifty-four children were diagnosed with primary CNS tumors. The most common primary pediatric CNS tumors were medulloblastoma (37%), followed by low grade gliomas (29.6%), high grade gliomas (0.011% ), CNS germinoma (0.09%), supratentorial primitive neuro-ectodermal tumors and ependymomas (0.037% for each). Rare tumors encountered were oligodendrogliomas, choroid plexus carcinoma, and pineoblastoma (0.18% for each). The most common low grade gliomas tumor was pilocytic astrocytoma.
Conclusions: This is the first study reporting the spectrum of CNS tumors in children in Iraq. Except for a higher frequency of CNS germinoma, the profile of other pediatric CNS tumors in Iraq is relatively similar to that reported in other countries.
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Published
2019-06-28
How to Cite
AL-JUMAILY, Usama et al. Clinico-pathological spectrum of Childhood Central Nervous System Tumors in Iraq: A Single-Institutional Study. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 3, june 2019. ISSN 2413-0516. Available at: <http://www.jocms.org/index.php/jcms/article/view/612>. Date accessed: 20 july 2019.
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Articles