Effectiveness of infertile women’s commitment to implement in vitro fertilization (long/short) protocols
AbstractBackground Infertility is the inability of a person to reproduce by natural means. Infertility may describe a woman who is unable to getconceived as well as being unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. There are many biological and other causes of infertility, including someof the medical interventions can treat. Infertility rates have increased by 4% since the 1980s, mostly from problems with fecundity due toan increase in age. About 40% of the issues involved with infertility are due to the man, another 40% due to the woman, and 20% resultsfrom complications with both the partners. In vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer (IVF–ET) was first successfully used in humans over 25years ago; since then, more than one million children have been conceived using this technology. IVF is a procedure designed to enhancethe likelihood of conception in couples for whom other fertility therapies have been unsuccessful or are not possible. It is a complex processand involves multiple steps resulting in the insemination and fertilisation of oocytes (eggs) in a laboratory. The embryos created in thisprocess are then placed into the uterus for potential implantation. Each stage of the procedure is associated with specific risks; IVF mayprovide a couple who has been otherwise unable to conceive with a chance to establish a pregnancy2.Objective1. To assess women’s commitment to implementation of IVF2. To identify short protocol implementation3. To identify long protocol implementationMethodology Non-probability (purposive sample), the study sample consists of (60) infertile women who were selected from KamalAl-Samaraee Hospital. The study group consist of (30) infertile women was exposed to follow-up and (30) women is control group thecriteria of this sample was infertile women in reproductive age, with different educational levels in the public department were involved inIVF program.Results In the study group, 20 women were using short protocol and 10 were using long protocol. The total number of study group was 30,9 of them become pregnant, 5 of them were using short protocol and 4 of them were using long protocol. In the control group, there were20 women using short protocol and 10 using long protocol. The total number of study group was 30; 2 of them become pregnant and wereusing short protocol.Conclusions Results shows that with respect to study sample, observed significant relationships should be informative and significant levelwas not achieved. Long protocol are much better than short protocol. In addition to that, results shows that with respect to control sample,no significant relationships are accounted, as well as two types of protocol either long or short gives the same responding. Results showsthat significant relationships are accounted and that the study sample recorded six times better than control.Recommendations The study recommended that all the infertile women should be exposed to the implementation of the follow-up and callthe patients by phone and through the interview with patients and instruct them about their protocols.
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