Risk factors of breast cancer among Iraqi women
AbstractObjectives: This study aimed to identify the risk factors of Breast Cancer among Iraqi women.
Methods: A retrospective case control study, done on 147 breast cancer cases compared with 161 non- malignant cases selected randomly from women health center in Al-Elwyia maternity teaching hospital.
Results: increased risk for breast cancer significantly associated with increased age especially ≥ 60 years, widow or divorced women(OR 3.7, CI (1.5-8.5)), menopause ((OR 6.43, CI(3.58-11.9)),age at menarche < 12 years (OR 1.99, CI (1.04-3.8)), and use of contraceptive pills for≥ 1 year (OR 1.99, CI (1.01-3.95)).
Conclusion: positive risk factor for breast cancer was old age≥ 60 years, widow or divorced women, menopause, age at menarche < 12 years, and use of contraceptive pills for≥ 1 year. Family history, 2nd degree relative, not associated with breast cancer. There are some discrepancies between our findings and other studies in the literature need further studies.
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