Risk factors of breast cancer among Iraqi women

  • Sarab K. Abedalrahman Women Health Center, Al-Alwiyaa Maternity Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Besmah M. Ali Department of Public Health, Ghazi Al- Hariri Hospital for Specialized Surgery, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Najim Abid Issa Al-Khalidy Women Health Center, Al-Alwiyaa Maternity Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Ali S. Al-Hashimi Women Health Center, Al-Alwiyaa Maternity Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq.

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the risk factors of Breast Cancer among Iraqi women.
Methods: A retrospective case control study, done on 147 breast cancer cases compared with 161 non- malignant cases selected randomly from women health center in Al-Elwyia maternity teaching hospital.
Results: increased risk for breast cancer significantly associated with increased age especially ≥ 60 years, widow or divorced women(OR 3.7, CI (1.5-8.5)), menopause ((OR 6.43, CI(3.58-11.9)),age at menarche < 12 years (OR 1.99, CI (1.04-3.8)), and use of contraceptive pills for≥ 1 year (OR 1.99, CI (1.01-3.95)).
Conclusion: positive risk factor for breast cancer was old age≥ 60 years, widow or divorced women, menopause, age at menarche < 12 years, and use of contraceptive pills for≥ 1 year. Family history, 2nd degree relative, not associated with breast cancer. There are some discrepancies between our findings and other studies in the literature need further studies.
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Published
2019-06-28
How to Cite
ABEDALRAHMAN, Sarab K. et al. Risk factors of breast cancer among Iraqi women. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 3, june 2019. ISSN 2413-0516. Available at: <http://www.jocms.org/index.php/jcms/article/view/609>. Date accessed: 20 july 2019.
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Articles