Alcohol consumption and Types of Cancer: A Review

  • Mohammad Afshar Department of Operating Room, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
  • Omid Otroshi School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
  • Elahe Elahian Department of Nursing, Borujen Faculty of Nursing, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
  • Shahab Papi Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • Razieh Aalipour Department of Gerontology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Pourebrahimi Nursing Department, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Ladan Fattah Moghaddam Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
  • Morteza Kameli Morandini Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
  • Hamid Saehiniya Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this review study was to investigate the association between alcohol consumption and common cancers.
Methods: This study was conducted in English by February 2019 to include studies reporting alcohol consumption related cancer risks through a search in data bases of the PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science. The search strategy included the keywords: "cancer", " alcohol consumption or Alcohol Drinking or Underage Drinking ". Articles that looked at the relationship between each type of cancer and consumption of alcoholic beverages were entered in to the study and summarized in review. 
Results: alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased risk of some types of cancers including: Renal cell carcinoma and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Also, alcohol is independent risk factor for oral and pharyngeal, laryngeal, Esophagus, Stomach, Colorectal, Breast and Liver cancer. However, further studies are required to confirm the association between alcohol consumption and Pancreas, Lung, Prostate, Endometrium, Brain tumour and Bladder cancer risks.
Conclusions: Given the role of excessive alcohol consumption in the occurrence of various types of cancers, there is a need for a comprehensive plan for alcohol abuse in the community
Keywords: cancer, alcohol consumption, Underage Drinking, Alcohol Drinking
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Published
2019-10-26
How to Cite
AFSHAR, Mohammad et al. Alcohol consumption and Types of Cancer: A Review. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 5, oct. 2019. ISSN 2413-0516. Available at: <http://www.jocms.org/index.php/jcms/article/view/591>. Date accessed: 31 may 2020.