Alcohol consumption and Types of Cancer: A Review
AbstractObjective: The purpose of this review study was to investigate the association between alcohol consumption and common cancers.
Methods: This study was conducted in English by February 2019 to include studies reporting alcohol consumption related cancer risks through a search in data bases of the PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science. The search strategy included the keywords: "cancer", " alcohol consumption or Alcohol Drinking or Underage Drinking ". Articles that looked at the relationship between each type of cancer and consumption of alcoholic beverages were entered in to the study and summarized in review.
Results: alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased risk of some types of cancers including: Renal cell carcinoma and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Also, alcohol is independent risk factor for oral and pharyngeal, laryngeal, Esophagus, Stomach, Colorectal, Breast and Liver cancer. However, further studies are required to confirm the association between alcohol consumption and Pancreas, Lung, Prostate, Endometrium, Brain tumour and Bladder cancer risks.
Conclusions: Given the role of excessive alcohol consumption in the occurrence of various types of cancers, there is a need for a comprehensive plan for alcohol abuse in the community
Keywords: cancer, alcohol consumption, Underage Drinking, Alcohol Drinking