Anthropometric study of nasal index in Hausa ethnic population of northwestern Nigeria

  • Ibrahim Mohammed Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Tahmineh Mokhtari Research Center of Nervous System Stem Cells, Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.
  • Sahar Ijaz Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, International Campus, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Akanji Omotosho D Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, International Campus, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Abdullahi Abubakar Ngaski Department of Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Maryam Milanifard Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Gholamreza Hassanzadeh Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Objective Anthropometric study is very important in differentiating a true race from the local mingling of races. The nasal index has a great value in anthropological studies, because it is one of the anthropometric indices acknowledged in nasal surgery as well as management.Anthropometric studies are very important area for craniofacial surgery and syndromology. This study aimed to provide baseline data of nasal index of northern Nigerian people and to classify their nose type and the comparison of the data with other studies.Methods The nasal width and height were measured from 200 participants of Hausa ethnic group of northwestern Nigeria, nasal index (NI) was calculated and analyzed statistically.Results There was a significant difference in the nasal width (P = 0.0001), height (P = 0.0001) and NI (P = 0.0001) of sex groups, with nasal shapes: 120 mesorrhine (60%), 75 leptorrhine (37.5%) and 5 platyrrhine (2.55%). It shows Hausa people have a mesorrhine nose.Conclusion The nasal index of males is higher than females; this study presents the data for Hausa people in this area, which will be of  clinical, surgical interest in Rhinology. We recommend a further study to compare the nasal index of Hausa and other ethnic group living in northwestern Nigeria.
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Published
2018-03-26
How to Cite
MOHAMMED, Ibrahim et al. Anthropometric study of nasal index in Hausa ethnic population of northwestern Nigeria. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, mar. 2018. ISSN 2413-0516. Available at: <http://www.jocms.org/index.php/jcms/article/view/327>. Date accessed: 16 oct. 2018.
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