Investigating the relationship between fetus heart rate in the first trimester screening with fetus sex

  • Elham Keshavarz Department of Radiology, Mahdieh Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Elham Tavakkol Department of Radiology, Mahdieh Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Amin Momeni Moghaddam Department of Radiology, Mahdieh Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Mohammad Jalali Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
  • Leila Molaeipoor Department of Epidemiology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.
  • Ali Kabir Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Objective There is a common belief that sex of the fetus is predictable by assessing fetal heart rate (FHR) in the early weeks of pregnancy.We aimed to assess the relationship between FHR in the first trimester screening with fetus sex.Methods This mixed prospective–retrospective cohort study is done on 374 fetus samples of pregnant women who referred to evaluatenuchal translucency (NT) in a hospital in Tehran, Iran between October 2013 and March 2015. Adjusted multivariable linear regressionmodel, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Youden index were used in analysis.Results There were 52.9% male among fetuses. The median and interquartile range (IQR) of FHR in male and female fetus were 155.5(152–160) and 155 (150–160) beats per minute (bpm), respectively (P = 0.213). The crude regression results showed that the average FHRof the male fetuses was 1.27 bpm higher than females but it was not statistically significant (P = 0.131). The adjusted regression resultsshowed that fetus sex was not significantly associated with FHR in terms of similar age and mother’s gravid and parity. Area under the ROCcurve was 0.54 (95% confidence interval: 0.48, 0.59) which shows very low FHR power to determine sex of the fetus in the first trimester ofpregnancy. The best cut off point was equal to 152 pulse bpm, sensitivity and specificity were 82.81 and 30.11, respectively.Conclusion The results showed that FHR is not a good factor to determine sex of the fetus.
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Published
2018-03-26
How to Cite
KESHAVARZ, Elham et al. Investigating the relationship between fetus heart rate in the first trimester screening with fetus sex. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, mar. 2018. ISSN 2413-0516. Available at: <http://www.jocms.org/index.php/jcms/article/view/326>. Date accessed: 25 may 2018.
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