Surgical early complications of the laparoscopic insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheter: A cross-sectional descriptive two-center study in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran

  • Mohammad Ali Khaksar Students' Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
  • Fatemeh Hayati Chronic Renal Failure Research Center, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences , Ahvaz, Iran.
  • Amin Bahreini General Surgery Department, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences , Ahvaz, Iran.
  • Behrouz Shayesteh zadeh General Surgery Department, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences , Ahvaz, Iran.
  • Shokouh Shayan pour Chronic Renal Failure Research Center, Jundishapour University of Medical Sciences , Ahvaz, Iran.

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the surgical complications of this technique of peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion in Imam Khomeini and Golestan hospitals in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran, in the period between 2007 and 2019.
Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional analytic-descriptive study, we examined end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients who underwent laparoscopic peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion between 2007 and 2019. Patients' records and follow-up information recorded in the hospital dialysis unit were reviewed and early infectious and mechanical complications of peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion were analyzed.
Results: In this study, 290 patients (144 males and 138 females) with ESRD who have a mean age of 46±19.7 years (1-90 years) were recruited, of whom 8 patients were excluded due to incomplete information in their records, and 68 patients (24.1%) had an early complication of surgery. Surgical complications included: Catheter exit-site infections in 20 patients (7.1%), peritonitis in 18 patients (6.4%), catheter exit-site leakage in 17 patients (6%), catheter occlusion without migration in 16 patients (5.7%), catheter migration in 7 patients (2.5%), and hemoperitoneum in 7 patients (2.5%).
Conclusions: Due to the low complications of laparoscopic surgery in the insertion of a peritoneal dialysis catheter, this technique is recommended as a safe surgical procedure with low complications.
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Published
2021-12-26
How to Cite
KHAKSAR, Mohammad Ali et al. Surgical early complications of the laparoscopic insertion of peritoneal dialysis catheter: A cross-sectional descriptive two-center study in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 6, dec. 2021. ISSN 2413-0516. Available at: <http://www.jocms.org/index.php/jcms/article/view/1076>. Date accessed: 25 jan. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.22317/jcms.v7i6.1076.