The relationship between air pollutants and spirometric indices in schoolchildren of five areas in Tehran

  • Siavash Kooranifar Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Gholamreza Alizadeh Attar Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2748-110X
  • Atefeh Talebi Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Vahan Moradians Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Maryam Pourashraf Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Razieh Rostami Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Nima Bakhtiari Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Science, Khozestan, Ahvaz, Iran.

Abstract

Objectives: The adverse health effects of air pollution have been observed in many epidemiological studies. The aim of this research was to study the effects of air pollution on pulmonary functions in schoolchildren inTehran city.
Methods: Atotal number of 167 schoolchildren were selected to participate in this study. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and Generalized Estimating Equation(GEE) to determinethe relationship of air pollution and lung function tests.
Results: The result of this study showed that there are statistically significant differences in value of air pollution between areas.The results present that concentration of O3, PM10, NO2 has a negative association with lung function tests but concentration of CO, PM2.5, and SO2 had no association with decreased lung function tests. Time variable of air pollution was not statistically significant effect on lung function test.
Conclusion: in this study, we conclude that air pollution in Tehran city can be decreased lung function test indexes that may be affected by short-time exposure to air pollutant.
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Published
2021-10-26
How to Cite
KOORANIFAR, Siavash et al. The relationship between air pollutants and spirometric indices in schoolchildren of five areas in Tehran. Journal of Contemporary Medical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 5, oct. 2021. ISSN 2413-0516. Available at: <http://www.jocms.org/index.php/jcms/article/view/1051>. Date accessed: 07 dec. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.22317/jcms.v7i5.1051.