The impact of gestational diabetes on glycation end products oxidative marker expression in placental tissue

  • Zainab N. Aziz College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • May F. AL-Habib Department of Histology and Embryology, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Rayah S. Baban Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq.

Abstract

Objectives: The present study was designed to determine whether oxidative stress marker Advanced Glycation End products (AGEs) measurement can serve as an additional diagnostic marker of gestational diabetes, and its correlation with changes seen in placental tissue.
Methods: A case control study was designed, sixty pregnant women at third trimester between (37-41) weeks of gestation and average age between (18-45) years old were enrolled in this study. All cases selected for this study underwent elective caesarian section. Thirty healthy pregnant women at the same average of age with the same exclusion criteria were involved as control group.  Patients group consist of thirty pregnant women who proved to have Gestational Diabetes (GDM) depending on OGTT and on (Soluble Insulin or Metformin) as a medication of use. All patients with family history of diabetes, hypertension, thyroid disease, renal diseases, liver diseases, cardiac problems, smoking were excluded from this study. Placental tissue samples were taken after the delivery and was immediately fixed in 10% formalin solution, prepared for Immunohistochemical study for localization of AGEs receptors.
Results: There have been marked and dramatic changes in the shape and size of placental villi in diabetic women with decrease in the number of blood vessels in the core of these villi.Fibrinoid formation is a striking feature of change seen in the placenta. AGEs antibodies showed a marked pronounced presence in trophoblastic cell of the placental villi.
Conclusion: gestational diabetes do have a recognized impact effects on placental end glycation products. There have been marked and dramatic changes in the shape and size of placental villi in diabetic women. Fibrinoid formation is a striking feature of change seen in the placenta. A marked decrease in the number of vessels in villi core in women with GDM.
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Published
2019-03-26
How to Cite
AZIZ, Zainab N.; AL-HABIB, May F.; BABAN, Rayah S.. The impact of gestational diabetes on glycation end products oxidative marker expression in placental tissue. Iraq Medical Journal, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, mar. 2019. ISSN 2521-8492. Available at: <http://www.jocms.org/index.php/imj/article/view/533>. Date accessed: 16 june 2019.
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